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Natural Park

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The Lake Sanabria Natural Park covers more than 5,000 hectares, is currently in the process of expansion in the municipalities of Porto and Barjacoba, with Lake epicenter, with a total area of ​​318 hectares. It is approximately 3.8 kilometers long by 1.3 half wide. It is the largest natural lake in Spain, is three times larger than the Banyoles in Girona, its origin is glacier and in some areas can reach depths of over 50 meters, recently they measured 53 meters in the place more deep. Surrounded by the mountains of Segundera, Cabrera Baja and Gamoneda, he arrive river canyons Cardenas, Segundera and Tera, the entire park is crisscrossed by many rivers form valleys and gorges created by the tongues of glacial valleys. The most abundant forests in the vicinity of Lake Sanabria are formed by the Pyrenean oak or Turkey oak. some interesting spots holly and yew are also located, while the poplars and alders are abundant on the banks of the rivers that descend from the heights or communicate with each other the different gaps inside the Natural Park.

To gain altitude, the forest is replaced by a thicket of Escobales, cambronales and heaths, trees like oak would not survive in the winter at those altitudes. Sanabria is also located in the famous endemics: sanabresa Carqueixa and Geranium bohenicum. Within the fauna we can mention the golden eagle, wolf, wild boar, roe deer, lizard Bocage, roe deer, foxes and Seoane Viper. Squirrels and weasels lately also seen in enough quantity.

The main axis of the park is the Tera River, which crosses from north to south including Lake. The Tera was born next to Peña Trevinca, the limit of Castilla y Leon and Galicia. Enters the lake 200 meters from our hostel. This river is a tributary of the River Esla, and is considered one of the most constant flow of the Duero basin. Currently on its route it has a total of six reservoirs to generate electricity or to irrigate the Vega del Tera near the town of Benavente. It has spilled over several times without danger to the public, looking spectacular images of its channel.

The Rio Tera is the most important trout river in the area along with the Trefacio River and Truchas passing Sotillo, (we must highlight the Trefacio River as the higher quality), with an abundance of other species: barbels, escallos, bream, etc. Part of the river is considered Coto Fishing, including all Lake, Lake currently is listed as "catch and release", but it also has free areas where you can fish. I can not indicate the full fishing regime that is constantly changing. At the lake you can fish all year with a special permit that you sold at tourist offices or at the offices of the Junta de Castilla y León. Especially for children it is fun and easy to fish in the lake.

The Natural Park has an average altitude from 1,000 meters to 1,700, Ribadelago is about 1,020 meters. This and the protection they provide you the northern mountains, gives the whole area a very special atmosphere. is not too cold in winter and in summer does not usually happen in the hottest days of 30-32 ° C, except for the summer 2005 has been the warmest of the last 50. The water bathing areas can be all summer between 22 to 24 ° C. This climate is ideal and has been recommended many times to recovery from respiratory problems due to the altitude and lack of moisture. In the summer of 2005 they have broken all records for high temperatures. This has favored the emergence of fire. On this point it is clear that the fires have happened outside the Lake. To a altidud of over 1650 meters.

The whole area is occupied by very scattered small villages, towns culturally rich and well preserved, all in an environment of less than 6 kilometers. It should be clarified that Sanabria is the county and all towns in the area carry that name, Example: Trefacio de Sanabria, etc .:

San Martin de Castaneda

San Martin de Castaneda, is the natural viewpoint over the lake, possibly one of the oldest population centers in the area. It is located along the road leading to the lagoon of the Fish, and the center of town a monastery of the twelfth century stands. Place to visit, it is installed in the former Centre for Interpretation of Nature Park, it is an exhibition with models of mills and typical houses, and with plenty of photos and graphics of the park. Not teach too, everything is very artificial and designed for mass tourism. Here in San Martin de Castaneda, he lived D. Miguel de Unamuno, and inspired him to write his book San Manuel, good and martyr. In this book you will find the original names Sanabria Valley. The lake at one time was known as Villachica Lake, Lake In 1836 sold to the Lords of Villachica in the amount of 20,000 reais, expropriating during the Second Republic. The first Sunday of September in San Martin celebrates its annual festival, is very traditional and possibly as few ancient festivals are held. Asked by Loyas and meet the authentic language sanabrés. The Loyas are original poems every year are composed and recited by its author to the Virgen de la Peregrina. Without being hassled by San Martin, the gentilicio of its inhabitants is chafurdios.

Vigo de Sanabria

Vigo de Sanabria, it is out of all tourist routes but you need to visit because it is a sample of the agricultural and livestock Sanabria. It is located near the eastern shore of Lake less than two kilometers, and extends along the River Forcadura. You can purchase directly bought from the farmers, natural products such as hives, beans, chickpeas, etc .. of high quality and total guarantee that are grown traditionally. On the hiking trails you have to cross entire organized and up the river canyon Forcadura. To my mind the best wheals are those of Vigo.
is a really nice town. There are some rare species that nest around Dwarfs, L'Escuela and Peña del Pato and you can find described on a website called FRS.

Galende, town hall in the area, crossed in access to Ribadelago. the village green Beaches calls itself by its bathing areas in grasslands in the river. I do not seem to have beaches.

Pedrazales, is one of the smaller towns, but perhaps that is being rehabilitated based on respect for the old, the typical buildings of the area. It is very sunny and in ancient times was home to a hospital for respiratory diseases. Ideal to buy a house in the country. Upon reaching Pedrazales from the old fish farm you can rent horses for routes. They have traced the road from the Za-104 to Trefacio by the middle of town and is almost impassable.

Old Ribadelago

Ribadelago Viejo, Situado en las confluencias de los Ríos Cárdena y Segundera con el Tera, con una altitud próxima a los 1.000 metros, se encuentra en un entorno paisajístico de gran valor, en el que domina la presencia del Lago. El valle, de amplias dimensiones, esta dominado por importantes masas rocosas que lo limitan en tres de sus lados, que adquiere forma de anfiteatro y únicamente se extiende por el este, por el impresionante cañón del Tera. Está situado a 1,2 kilómetros de nuestro hostal. En el año 1.959 fue arrasado por una tromba de agua debido a la rotura de la antigua presa de Vega de Tera,  produciendo más de 140 muertos. Está tragedia ha marcado dramáticamente la vida de muchas familias de este pueblo. Es uno de los entornos paisajísticos mas especiales y espectaculares de Sanabria. Si lo visitas no olvides la cámara o el vídeo. Casi a la entrada del pueblo puedes ver el monumento en homenaje a los muertos del año 59, todos sus nombres y la estatua e la "Mujer con niño" encargada al escultor Zamorano, Ricardo Flecha.

TREFACIO deserves special mention as one of the most beautiful villages in the area, this is true but it is also the town where I was I born. It is six kilometers from the lake, and sits in a very interesting valley crossed by the River Trefacio. This river is one of the most sought after of the Autonomous Community for its trout. There are fishermen who wait two years to get a day of fishing in this river. TREFACIO has the only pediment of the region where you can practice pelota or racquetball. From the bridge across the river you can see trout released at close range. If you visit Trefacio let the car take a walk through the village, you'll like it. If you want to see an arc of an inn for pilgrims question the former home of D. Moses (the priest) and there remains an arch with shells and starfish pilgrims road to Santiago. On the road to San Ciprian to Trefacio, it is the mill Pepe (QPD). Once before passing the Miller taught you as a mill on the river runs, is fully automatic and does not have electric energy, a prodigy of wit. It is as ingenious as it was able to put enfuncionamiento from the bed. Certainly from October to April nobody lives there, so the mill is visitable from April to September. (Note: Unfortunately Pepe died in 2006, still and as a tribute to him, want to keep the previous text, rest in peace, a special man)

At Trefacio burreiros call us, why is that?

Un poco mas lejos a unos 70 kilómetros puedes ir a pasar el día a Porto,  es el último pueblo de Castilla lindando con Galicia. Es un pueblo muy especial, su aislamiento geográfico lo convierten en un pueblo que en muchos aspectos esta anclado en el pasado. Es especialmente ganadero y su medio de vida es la cría de ganado autóctono, vacas de razasanabresa.

Incluso los vascos visitan este pueblo en su feria del 26 de agosto para comprar toros para el deporte tradicional vasco de arrastre de piedras. El único problema son los accesos pero con un poco de paciencia puedes llegar. Solo el recorrido merece la pena. Es obligatorio visitarlo, no te arrepentirás porque Porto es algo que no verás en otras zonas. Para ir a Porto desde Ribadelago, debes tomar la Za-104 en dirección a Puebla de Sanabria, tomar la autovía A-52 en dirección a Galicia, hasta el Km 110 (ya estamos en la Comunidad Autónoma de Galicia)y allí tomar la carretera de Porto, hay por delante 29 kilómetros infernales, pasarás por estos pueblos: Villanueva, Pías (son tres barrios separados),  Pradoramisquedo (pertenece a Orense y queda a la izquierda de la carretera) y por fin Porto. Pero merece la pena tomárselo con calma y llegar a Porto.  

Hay otras zonas de Sanabria que puedes conocer, pregunta en nuestro Hostal y te indicamos zonas que no están en las rutas turísticas. Incluso puedes acercarte a Portugal en menos de 30 minutos, aunque no hay mucho que ver y la carretera es infernal. Hay otras zonas de Sanabria que puedes conocer, pregunta en nuestro Hostal y te indicamos zonas que no están en las rutas turísticas. Incluso puedes acercarte a Portugal en menos de 30 minutos, aunque no hay mucho que ver y la carretera es infernal  

En la foto siguiente y a modo de curiosidad puedes ver la riada que se produjo con motivo de las fuertes lluvias, fue el 8 de diciembre del 2.000. No es peligroso pero si espectacular. En ese puente de la Inmaculada estuvimos aislados durante cuatro días. La mancha blanca en el medio de la foto es el pueblo, el resto es el Lago un poquito crecido. 

Un lugar que recomiendo siempre sobre todo en otoño-invierno es visitar la Ermita  de La Alcobilla, si te fijas en el mapa de otras secciones de esta página, esta cerca del molino que te he hablado antes. Es un recinto con más de doscientos castaños datado con más de 900 años y hasta 1200. En el centro está la ermita y un cruceiro de piedra. Los castaños tienen formas curiosas que en invierno con un poco de imaginación te hacer ver cosas raras. 

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